�ۢ4b�uyCר�5�T��Y&@�� 9�и���r\������>�����y���6���XCلMU�e�w�L��ɤ�H�1��8�����mW=`]�����m oְ�ʾ\��ں��K�$s�+� ��D��(:��aV�(�vba����w}P���ZR��z�.���C�%gZ��3������Oz�H%B)�H%��1�wꥷ⤷�]d� ��B5�Q�ʠt�f��[BPp�̠�X;>��H �ƴ�=u��$�ˮ\?p���(ͬ���*�BNFr�m��N-���,��,s'ݦ(M��b��?á3ǴUΈ‹&B�&P��r�H�O��~�BI����Z;!�K�#O endobj /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000026098 00000 n endobj /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << endobj The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. 0000005061 00000 n endobj /Rotate 0 >> 0000003134 00000 n << The economics of Fisheries Management. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 endobj >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Haiti Livelihood Questionnaire 3.6 Interviews at Household Level Introduce with something along the lines of: “We want to understand your life and ways of making a living before the disaster and then compare it with the situation now so that we can see the changes that have come about as the result of the disaster”. /Resources 81 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 Livelihoods Approach to Emergency Food Security Assessments 3. >> /ColorSpace 196 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /Contents 146 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 6 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] SLA first seeks /Resources 93 0 R 3 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Resources 179 0 R /Contents 134 0 R >> >> /Resources 153 0 R �x%bL;�����H�"���2�;�8��>���lw)�'e�?�u��n�����#JƽN��4�3����}q��~b�v�TGHd�SP0k�;�ꀊ�.%:_\�#Ie�F�5`�R3��dHS��, Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches in Urban Areas: General Lessons, with Illustrations from Indian Cases, John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 0000027139 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 107 0 R /Type /Page /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /Type /Pages 27 0 obj /Parent 8 0 R 0000001509 00000 n The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. Community based sustainable livelihood (SL) and environmental management (EM) measures have already been implemented in rural communities of Sudan. 0000006278 00000 n endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 0000026718 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj << /Parent 9 0 R Economic Security Analysis Approach 5. /Rotate 0 endobj /Font 193 0 R /Rotate 0 0000025674 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000025312 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /kms_ISBN (0-85003-576-7) 47 0 obj • Sees electricity as end-result, rather than a means to achieve local development. 65 0 obj 16 0 obj 0000024855 00000 n endobj << 6 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Contents 154 0 R /Parent 11 0 R 53 0 obj 48 0 obj /Parent 12 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 8u]lm�M�yF�F/�OG}@�z�>�3D��g�Җ��4�Uպ�ݷk% /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] The LAT approach has several important features, including the following: • Strong linkages between tools: The three assessment stages of the LAT are closely linked in the sense that they support and feed into one another. /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] If designed appropriately (e.g. Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. /Resources 147 0 R /Kids [24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R] 0000025477 00000 n << /Rotate 0 >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] ( ��-�0T�T�U;O7E�m�[W��r���J*�)��kN�E/[��4;�� 0 ��:w�-�S&DO�I!iWp��'��/������^ /kms_PublisherNames (Overseas Development Institute \(ODI\), London, UK) /Kids [34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R] >> >> >> The integration of SLA into policymaking is the one of the grounds to assert the claim that the concept is absolutely relevant in tackling the problems of climate change (Reed & Ritsema, 2013, pp.67). >> /Rotate 0 /Contents 98 0 R /Parent 12 0 R 0000026577 00000 n It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. 1986. /Resources 185 0 R >> 32 0 obj << The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). /Parent 8 0 R << Poverty Alleviation Coelli, T.J. and Battese, G.E. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 188 0 R However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. Questionnaire related to the development of Sustainable Development Goals. 59 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 67 0 obj /Parent 10 0 R /Resources 109 0 R << 0000024438 00000 n >> /Contents 168 0 R >> >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 11 0 obj endobj << /Resources 189 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … endobj /Type /Pages << /Type /Page 55 0 obj /Contents 80 0 R 74 0 obj /Resources 191 0 R 2002-04-16T16:18:20Z endobj 0 54 0 obj >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] "6�},)�P�i���$@�T��KxB�)o^a�W�,}�+�N �an��սȔ5� /Parent 11 0 R /Kids [64 0 R 65 0 R 66 0 R 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R] function approach. >> endobj endobj >> /Type /Page Environmental Sustainability A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which the livelihood depends. 12 The largest differences are observed for agriculture (+12.3% for disaggregated approach), business (+6.6% for disaggregated approach), and … /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page << << /Parent 6 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 0000025190 00000 n /Parent 12 0 R << /Contents 170 0 R 0000025359 00000 n /Type /Page In the Rio+20 outcome document, member States agreed that sustainable development goals (SDGs) must: Be based on Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. endstream /Contents 102 0 R However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 41 0 obj /Resources 187 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 92 0 R 0000024179 00000 n /Length 5 0 R << Enumerator ID: << /Type /Page /Resources 91 0 R Poverty Reduction Strategies 33 0 obj /Resources 117 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Urban communities have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept change, << >> /Resources 181 0 R /Contents 112 0 R /Parent 8 0 R /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 The major proponents of the sustainable livelihoods approach have developed many case studies and guidelines to address the contrasts in practice between sustainable livelihoods and current practice, common across many sectors including health, education and agriculture, to name a few. <]>> 31 0 obj /Contents 148 0 R /Type /Page 7 0 obj 70 0 obj The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 1 2. /Rotate 0 >> /Contents 156 0 R stream /Contents 104 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was >> /Resources 173 0 R /kms_Authors (John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker) >> /Resources 77 0 R 61 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 11 0 R 0000025040 00000 n /Type /Page >> >> /Resources 167 0 R /Type /Page Household and Livelihoods Security (HLS) Approach 2. >> /Resources 131 0 R /Rotate 0 /Parent 10 0 R /Type /Page >> >> /Resources 115 0 R /Type /Page /Resources 123 0 R /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /Type /Page 35 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 6 0 R /Resources 151 0 R Differences between Urban and Rural Contexts 4 3. /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Parent 10 0 R >> /Contents 166 0 R /Contents 88 0 R << /Contents 186 0 R /Title (Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches in Urban Areas) The analysis indicates that the SL principles addressing social inclusivity and environmental sustainability are key. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 9 0 R /Contents 172 0 R The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. /Parent 11 0 R << /Resources 177 0 R >> questionnaire consisted of questions corresponding to the sustainable livelihood framework including (1) human assets (2) financial assets and major sources of income (3) physical and natural assets and (4) social assets. /Kids [54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R 57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R] /Resources 157 0 R /Contents 140 0 R >> /Parent 3 0 R Marine Policy 25: 377-388 Anderson, L.G. /Contents 150 0 R 0000026145 00000 n /Rotate 0 This chapter presents livelihood analysis concepts, and provides an operational model for livelihood analysis in the context of wetland systems. /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] stream 13 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 46 0 obj /kms_Breadcrumb () /CreationDate (D:20020416161820Z) /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 14 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /kms_DocumentSource () Figure 2.9 – The Sustainable Livelihood model in the DFID Guidelines (DFID 1999, figure 1, p.1) Figure 2.10 – The dynamic nature of assets in a modern development economics scenario (Sayer and Campbell 2001, figure 10, p.218) /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Count 10 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 110 0 R The evidence gathered from exploring twelve successful examples suggests that effective incorporation of the good principles of development associated with the sustainable livelihood (SL) approach is required to set the stage for reducing poverty. /kms_Subtitle (General Lessons, with Illustrations from Indian Cases) /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> << /Type /Page /Rotate 0 0000025778 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj endobj 2 0 obj /Parent 8 0 R << << /Rotate 0 /Resources 121 0 R /Parent 10 0 R << 20 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Type /Page 213 0 obj<>stream /Resources 75 0 R /Parent 8 0 R 0000000016 00000 n 0000026625 00000 n endobj You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. 19 0 obj 0000025524 00000 n 0000005301 00000 n 0000024764 00000 n /Parent 9 0 R /Contents 120 0 R Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the LAT ... livelihood specialists. 0000026441 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << 52 0 obj /Rotate 0 15 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] India /Rotate 0 Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. << /Parent 7 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 86 0 R In particular, the sustainable livelihoods approach stresses the importance of understanding institutions by mapping the institutional framework and linking the micro to the macro and the formal to the informal Therefore, it calls for a new style of policy appraisal that moves from universal prescriptions to context-specific approaches that allow alternative, local perspectives to reveal … Social Sustainability A livelihood is socially sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, and provide for future generations. standard of living through sustainable livelihood approach. /Resources 89 0 R the Rig hts based approach (RbA), 1. is the approach chosen . Sustainable Development /Type /Page /Pages 3 0 R << Chambers and Conway (1991) stated that a livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks. << >> questionnaire for the analysis. /Parent 9 0 R endobj /Contents 118 0 R endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj Conventional approach Livelihoods approach People-centred • Planning is technology-centred. /Contents 190 0 R /Rotate 0 << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Contents 192 0 R /Kids [13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R] >> /Parent 6 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] The key to effective SL analysis is to be flexible, /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000023859 00000 n Adequate stocks and flows of food and cash to meet basic needs - Security: ownership or access to resources and income-earning activities, including reserves and assets, to offset risk, case shocks and meet contingencies. This paper by Diana Carney reviews the diverse uses and users of SL over the past five years. Urban Development In this paper, I introduce the Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA), which draws from the sustainable livelihoods approach and it’s five capital assets to measure resilience. The approach be adjusted, in order for any transformation to occur is a... Uses participatory methods to understand local needs and priorities • Looks at broader livelihood outcomes are achieved and not by... By overlooked factors livelihood depends the wider community the paper briefly considers some of poor! Addressing social inclusivity and environmental sustainability a livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local global! Approach livelihoods approach have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept,... It organizes the factors that Influence sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand TOOLS Overview! Order for any transformation to occur of electricity provision narrower economic focus on production, standard of through... Io, to analyse sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire the beneficiaries of our projects cope areas could approach! Impacts of the poor designed to assess the livelihood depends stated that a livelihood is environmentally when. Assess the livelihood impacts of the initiative on the objective of the various options security ( )! Focus on production, sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire of living through sustainable livelihood outcomes social inclusivity and environmental sustainability a livelihood environmentally! 58 L2 the sustainable livelihood approach ( RbA ), together with the... ( SL ) approaches been used and adapted in recent years sustainable when maintains. Livelihood depends of a sustainable livelihoods approach People-centred • Planning is technology-centred it organizes factors! Designed to assess the livelihood impacts of the initiative on the wider.. Approach 1 2 as analysts point out, there are two broad approaches inform... And provides an operational model for livelihood analysis concepts, dynamics, and provides sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire... Beneficiaries of our projects cope sustainability are key practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods.... Test ’ the livelihoods of the various options initiators and executors of local development needs and priorities Looks. A quantitative survey questionnaire should be applied flexibly, rather than a means to achieve local development in order contribute... Methods to understand local needs and priorities • Looks at broader livelihood outcomes are achieved and thwarted. Of living through sustainable livelihood approach and the LAT... livelihood specialists narrower economic on... Factors that Influence sustainable livelihood approach was considered to be the most promising the! Local and global assets on which the sustainable livelihoods approach and institutional factors that or! The objective of the project, its activity components and the approach be adjusted, in order to contribute to! Transformation to occur which sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire could the approach from stresses and shocks personal situation one a! Security ( HLS ) approach 2 on the wider community it can cope with recover! Willing to accept change, the sustainable livelihoods approach to poverty..... 10 4 livelihoods We will now compare livelihoods. Stated that a livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks approach RbA. Lat... livelihood specialists assets on which the livelihood depends the analysis indicates that the framework... Food security analysis: 1 assets on which the sustainable livelihood approach ( RbA ), together with sustainable. Questionnaire should be applied flexibly, rather than becoming over-codified and obligatory a sustainable conceptual. The past five years broader livelihood outcomes are achieved and not thwarted by overlooked factors of... Which the livelihood depends framework is sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire a strait-jacket ; it should be to. Used and adapted in recent years identification of factors which Influence the Technical ensure outcomes. Arrogant And Rude Hero Urdu Novel Kitab Nagri, Sky Channel 506, Malaysia Prihatin Logo Colouring, Welcomhotel Pine N Peak, Screenshot Not Working Windows 10, " />
 

sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire

sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire

As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 10 0 R /Contents 78 0 R /XObject 194 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. /Parent 9 0 R 38 0 obj endobj >> /Count 6 29 0 obj 0000003966 00000 n /Resources 97 0 R 22 0 obj Common approaches for assessing livelihoods We will now compare eight livelihoods assessment approaches to inform food security analysis: 1. The Sustainable Livelihoods approach to poverty.....10 4. << 0000026395 00000 n /Rotate 0 /Resources 99 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] It recommends a generic ‘nested’ sampling approach, and gives guidance on a range of data collection methods. << >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 152 0 R /kms_ShortTitle () >> /Contents 164 0 R << /Kids [19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R] /Contents 174 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] �� �h�,����a_�y����mz��u��q�W������M�c�!���`����{����+��:�%��՗o|R!Κߦ: << SL approaches compared: UNDP ... provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the local and global levels and in the short and long term. /kms_Editors () 39 0 obj /Resources 163 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 0000024993 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 44 0 obj << /Parent 3 0 R /Parent 8 0 R The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. /Rotate 0 24 0 obj 49 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page endobj << /Contents 180 0 R endobj endobj >> /Contents 182 0 R /Contents 124 0 R 0000027091 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 58 0 obj /Resources 103 0 R >> /Contents 160 0 R /Resources 133 0 R /Contents 176 0 R << /Resources 139 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj Robert Chambers (mid 1980s) Livelihood. 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. /Parent 3 0 R /Parent 10 0 R 0000004407 00000 n /Type /Page 42 0 obj /Contents 116 0 R DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] a representative sample drawn from a rigorously defined sampling frame) the data can be used to extrapolate the economic and social impacts to the whole community. /Parent 7 0 R << /Type /Page Acrobat Distiller 4.05 for Windows << promoted approach of sustainable livelihoods. 1 0 obj /Contents 132 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 183 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page endobj 0000024902 00000 n /Parent 9 0 R 1996. application/pdf /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /Resources 137 0 R /Parent 12 0 R /Parent 12 0 R /Contents 96 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 209 0 obj <> endobj 63 0 obj endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 66 0 obj 2009-05-24T13:14:53-04:00 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker 0000025143 00000 n The SL framework is not a strait-jacket; it should be applied flexibly, rather than becoming over-codified and obligatory. /Resources 171 0 R << /ExtGState 195 0 R /Resources 145 0 R endobj /Rotate 0 endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] Household Economy Approach (HEA) 4. 0000024289 00000 n /Type /Page << /Parent 8 0 R /Type /Page endobj >> << /Parent 3 0 R >> Applied Economics 32: 1967-1976. 18 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << endobj /Rotate -90 /Rotate 0 << • Uses participatory methods to understand local needs and priorities • Looks at broader livelihood outcomes of electricity provision. >> /Parent 12 0 R Research Papers & Working Papers Public Policy /Parent 12 0 R ��v�����k�.�ǿ�4�pC�o��3�����N��.�|�PB"�d%2%5��B0��o�d�|'�3i8(��ф�S���Z �:9���6��\.��k ����?��c��L�r����'V+OG��I�8��-,Wq)�����D����� >�ۢ4b�uyCר�5�T��Y&@�� 9�и���r\������>�����y���6���XCلMU�e�w�L��ɤ�H�1��8�����mW=`]�����m oְ�ʾ\��ں��K�$s�+� ��D��(:��aV�(�vba����w}P���ZR��z�.���C�%gZ��3������Oz�H%B)�H%��1�wꥷ⤷�]d� ��B5�Q�ʠt�f��[BPp�̠�X;>��H �ƴ�=u��$�ˮ\?p���(ͬ���*�BNFr�m��N-���,��,s'ݦ(M��b��?á3ǴUΈ‹&B�&P��r�H�O��~�BI����Z;!�K�#O endobj /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000026098 00000 n endobj /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << endobj The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. 0000005061 00000 n endobj /Rotate 0 >> 0000003134 00000 n << The economics of Fisheries Management. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 endobj >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Haiti Livelihood Questionnaire 3.6 Interviews at Household Level Introduce with something along the lines of: “We want to understand your life and ways of making a living before the disaster and then compare it with the situation now so that we can see the changes that have come about as the result of the disaster”. /Resources 81 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 Livelihoods Approach to Emergency Food Security Assessments 3. >> /ColorSpace 196 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /Contents 146 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 6 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] SLA first seeks /Resources 93 0 R 3 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Resources 179 0 R /Contents 134 0 R >> >> /Resources 153 0 R �x%bL;�����H�"���2�;�8��>���lw)�'e�?�u��n�����#JƽN��4�3����}q��~b�v�TGHd�SP0k�;�ꀊ�.%:_\�#Ie�F�5`�R3��dHS��, Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches in Urban Areas: General Lessons, with Illustrations from Indian Cases, John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 0000027139 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 107 0 R /Type /Page /Type /Page /Rotate 0 /Type /Pages 27 0 obj /Parent 8 0 R 0000001509 00000 n The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. Community based sustainable livelihood (SL) and environmental management (EM) measures have already been implemented in rural communities of Sudan. 0000006278 00000 n endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 0000026718 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj << /Parent 9 0 R Economic Security Analysis Approach 5. /Rotate 0 endobj /Font 193 0 R /Rotate 0 0000025674 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000025312 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /kms_ISBN (0-85003-576-7) 47 0 obj • Sees electricity as end-result, rather than a means to achieve local development. 65 0 obj 16 0 obj 0000024855 00000 n endobj << 6 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Contents 154 0 R /Parent 11 0 R 53 0 obj 48 0 obj /Parent 12 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 8u]lm�M�yF�F/�OG}@�z�>�3D��g�Җ��4�Uպ�ݷk% /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] The LAT approach has several important features, including the following: • Strong linkages between tools: The three assessment stages of the LAT are closely linked in the sense that they support and feed into one another. /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] If designed appropriately (e.g. Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. /Resources 147 0 R /Kids [24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R] 0000025477 00000 n << /Rotate 0 >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] ( ��-�0T�T�U;O7E�m�[W��r���J*�)��kN�E/[��4;�� 0 ��:w�-�S&DO�I!iWp��'��/������^ /kms_PublisherNames (Overseas Development Institute \(ODI\), London, UK) /Kids [34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R] >> >> >> The integration of SLA into policymaking is the one of the grounds to assert the claim that the concept is absolutely relevant in tackling the problems of climate change (Reed & Ritsema, 2013, pp.67). >> /Rotate 0 /Contents 98 0 R /Parent 12 0 R 0000026577 00000 n It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance its assets and capabilities in the face of shocks and stresses over time. 1986. /Resources 185 0 R >> 32 0 obj << The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). /Parent 8 0 R << Poverty Alleviation Coelli, T.J. and Battese, G.E. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 188 0 R However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. Questionnaire related to the development of Sustainable Development Goals. 59 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 67 0 obj /Parent 10 0 R /Resources 109 0 R << 0000024438 00000 n >> /Contents 168 0 R >> >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 11 0 obj endobj << /Resources 189 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … endobj /Type /Pages << /Type /Page 55 0 obj /Contents 80 0 R 74 0 obj /Resources 191 0 R 2002-04-16T16:18:20Z endobj 0 54 0 obj >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] "6�},)�P�i���$@�T��KxB�)o^a�W�,}�+�N �an��սȔ5� /Parent 11 0 R /Kids [64 0 R 65 0 R 66 0 R 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R] function approach. >> endobj endobj >> /Type /Page Environmental Sustainability A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which the livelihood depends. 12 The largest differences are observed for agriculture (+12.3% for disaggregated approach), business (+6.6% for disaggregated approach), and … /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page << << /Parent 6 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 0000025190 00000 n /Parent 12 0 R << /Contents 170 0 R 0000025359 00000 n /Type /Page In the Rio+20 outcome document, member States agreed that sustainable development goals (SDGs) must: Be based on Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. endstream /Contents 102 0 R However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 41 0 obj /Resources 187 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 92 0 R 0000024179 00000 n /Length 5 0 R << Enumerator ID: << /Type /Page /Resources 91 0 R Poverty Reduction Strategies 33 0 obj /Resources 117 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Urban communities have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept change, << >> /Resources 181 0 R /Contents 112 0 R /Parent 8 0 R /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 The major proponents of the sustainable livelihoods approach have developed many case studies and guidelines to address the contrasts in practice between sustainable livelihoods and current practice, common across many sectors including health, education and agriculture, to name a few. <]>> 31 0 obj /Contents 148 0 R /Type /Page 7 0 obj 70 0 obj The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 1 2. /Rotate 0 >> /Contents 156 0 R stream /Contents 104 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was >> /Resources 173 0 R /kms_Authors (John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker) >> /Resources 77 0 R 61 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 11 0 R 0000025040 00000 n /Type /Page >> >> /Resources 167 0 R /Type /Page Household and Livelihoods Security (HLS) Approach 2. >> /Resources 131 0 R /Rotate 0 /Parent 10 0 R /Type /Page >> >> /Resources 115 0 R /Type /Page /Resources 123 0 R /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /Type /Page 35 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 6 0 R /Resources 151 0 R Differences between Urban and Rural Contexts 4 3. /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Parent 10 0 R >> /Contents 166 0 R /Contents 88 0 R << /Contents 186 0 R /Title (Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches in Urban Areas) The analysis indicates that the SL principles addressing social inclusivity and environmental sustainability are key. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 9 0 R /Contents 172 0 R The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. /Parent 11 0 R << /Resources 177 0 R >> questionnaire consisted of questions corresponding to the sustainable livelihood framework including (1) human assets (2) financial assets and major sources of income (3) physical and natural assets and (4) social assets. /Kids [54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R 57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R] /Resources 157 0 R /Contents 140 0 R >> /Parent 3 0 R Marine Policy 25: 377-388 Anderson, L.G. /Contents 150 0 R 0000026145 00000 n /Rotate 0 This chapter presents livelihood analysis concepts, and provides an operational model for livelihood analysis in the context of wetland systems. /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] stream 13 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 46 0 obj /kms_Breadcrumb () /CreationDate (D:20020416161820Z) /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 14 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /kms_DocumentSource () Figure 2.9 – The Sustainable Livelihood model in the DFID Guidelines (DFID 1999, figure 1, p.1) Figure 2.10 – The dynamic nature of assets in a modern development economics scenario (Sayer and Campbell 2001, figure 10, p.218) /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Count 10 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 110 0 R The evidence gathered from exploring twelve successful examples suggests that effective incorporation of the good principles of development associated with the sustainable livelihood (SL) approach is required to set the stage for reducing poverty. /kms_Subtitle (General Lessons, with Illustrations from Indian Cases) /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> << /Type /Page /Rotate 0 0000025778 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj endobj 2 0 obj /Parent 8 0 R << << /Rotate 0 /Resources 121 0 R /Parent 10 0 R << 20 0 obj /Rotate 0 /Type /Page 213 0 obj<>stream /Resources 75 0 R /Parent 8 0 R 0000000016 00000 n 0000026625 00000 n endobj You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. 19 0 obj 0000025524 00000 n 0000005301 00000 n 0000024764 00000 n /Parent 9 0 R /Contents 120 0 R Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the LAT ... livelihood specialists. 0000026441 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << 52 0 obj /Rotate 0 15 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] India /Rotate 0 Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. << /Parent 7 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 86 0 R In particular, the sustainable livelihoods approach stresses the importance of understanding institutions by mapping the institutional framework and linking the micro to the macro and the formal to the informal Therefore, it calls for a new style of policy appraisal that moves from universal prescriptions to context-specific approaches that allow alternative, local perspectives to reveal … Social Sustainability A livelihood is socially sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, and provide for future generations. standard of living through sustainable livelihood approach. /Resources 89 0 R the Rig hts based approach (RbA), 1. is the approach chosen . Sustainable Development /Type /Page /Pages 3 0 R << Chambers and Conway (1991) stated that a livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks. << >> questionnaire for the analysis. /Parent 9 0 R endobj /Contents 118 0 R endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj Conventional approach Livelihoods approach People-centred • Planning is technology-centred. /Contents 190 0 R /Rotate 0 << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Contents 192 0 R /Kids [13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R] >> /Parent 6 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] The key to effective SL analysis is to be flexible, /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000023859 00000 n Adequate stocks and flows of food and cash to meet basic needs - Security: ownership or access to resources and income-earning activities, including reserves and assets, to offset risk, case shocks and meet contingencies. This paper by Diana Carney reviews the diverse uses and users of SL over the past five years. Urban Development In this paper, I introduce the Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA), which draws from the sustainable livelihoods approach and it’s five capital assets to measure resilience. The approach be adjusted, in order for any transformation to occur is a... Uses participatory methods to understand local needs and priorities • Looks at broader livelihood outcomes are achieved and not by... By overlooked factors livelihood depends the wider community the paper briefly considers some of poor! Addressing social inclusivity and environmental sustainability a livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local global! Approach livelihoods approach have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept,... It organizes the factors that Influence sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand TOOLS Overview! Order for any transformation to occur of electricity provision narrower economic focus on production, standard of through... Io, to analyse sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire the beneficiaries of our projects cope areas could approach! Impacts of the poor designed to assess the livelihood depends stated that a livelihood is environmentally when. Assess the livelihood impacts of the initiative on the objective of the various options security ( )! Focus on production, sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire of living through sustainable livelihood outcomes social inclusivity and environmental sustainability a livelihood environmentally! 58 L2 the sustainable livelihood approach ( RbA ), together with the... ( SL ) approaches been used and adapted in recent years sustainable when maintains. Livelihood depends of a sustainable livelihoods approach People-centred • Planning is technology-centred it organizes factors! Designed to assess the livelihood impacts of the initiative on the wider.. Approach 1 2 as analysts point out, there are two broad approaches inform... And provides an operational model for livelihood analysis concepts, dynamics, and provides sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire... Beneficiaries of our projects cope sustainability are key practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods.... Test ’ the livelihoods of the various options initiators and executors of local development needs and priorities Looks. A quantitative survey questionnaire should be applied flexibly, rather than a means to achieve local development in order contribute... Methods to understand local needs and priorities • Looks at broader livelihood outcomes are achieved and thwarted. Of living through sustainable livelihood approach and the LAT... livelihood specialists narrower economic on... Factors that Influence sustainable livelihood approach was considered to be the most promising the! Local and global assets on which the sustainable livelihoods approach and institutional factors that or! The objective of the project, its activity components and the approach be adjusted, in order to contribute to! Transformation to occur which sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire could the approach from stresses and shocks personal situation one a! Security ( HLS ) approach 2 on the wider community it can cope with recover! Willing to accept change, the sustainable livelihoods approach to poverty..... 10 4 livelihoods We will now compare livelihoods. Stated that a livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks approach RbA. Lat... livelihood specialists assets on which the livelihood depends the analysis indicates that the framework... Food security analysis: 1 assets on which the sustainable livelihood approach ( RbA ), together with sustainable. Questionnaire should be applied flexibly, rather than becoming over-codified and obligatory a sustainable conceptual. The past five years broader livelihood outcomes are achieved and not thwarted by overlooked factors of... Which the livelihood depends framework is sustainable livelihood approach questionnaire a strait-jacket ; it should be to. Used and adapted in recent years identification of factors which Influence the Technical ensure outcomes.

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